The Vaccine Injury Table lists vaccines covered by the Vaccine Program and a limited number of injuries and conditions that have been associated with the corresponding vaccination. If a claimant suffers the onset of an enumerated injury or condition within the time frame described in the Table, the vaccine can be the presumed cause of the injury or condition. The government would then bear the burden of proof, and may challenge this presumption if an alternative cause (other than vaccination) is found to be the cause of the injury or condition.
As of March 21, 2017, two (2) new injuries were added to the Vaccine Injury Table – Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) following seasonal flu vaccination, as well as Shoulder Injury Related to Vaccine Administration (SIRVA) following multiple vaccinations.
Currently, relatively few claims fall within the limits of the Vaccine Injury Table. Significantly, the majority of claims filed are “off-Table” claims. A petitioner may file a claim seeking compensation for an injury sustained after vaccination even if the claim does not fall within the strict limits of the Vaccine Injury Table.